The opinions expressed in this document are solely those of the authors. They should not be taken as reflecting the views of the Fair Mining Collaborative, the University of Victoria Environmental Law Centre, the Real Estate Foundation, the Wilburforce Foundation, the West Coast Environmental Law Environmental Dispute Resolution Fund, The Nature Conservancy, The Law Foundation of British Columbia, the Justice Education Society, or Advocates for International Development. This publication is presented with the understanding that neither the publisher nor the authors are engaged in rendering legal, engineering, or other professional services or advice. In no event, including negligence on the part of the authors, the reviewers, the funders or the publisher, will the authors, reviewers, funders or the publisher be liable for any direct, indirect or consequential damages resulting from the use of this material. The authors offer no opinion as to the accuracy of the information summarized in this report and disclaim any responsibility for the accuracy or inaccuracy of such information. Readers interested in the specific details of the law or regulations of a country or jurisdiction cited in this report should consult original and up-to-date sources for that information.